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Culture and Sustainable Development


Culture and Sustainable Development

I) Cultural Industries

Cultural industries are another key sector for our country. Italy is fully engaged in raising awareness on the key link between culture and sustainable development (that is: heritage and cultural entrepreneurship, promoting art crafts and historical workshops, tourism industries, conservation and fruition of cultural heritage).  

In 2009, Italy was chosen to host three editions of UNESCO’s World Forum on Culture and Cultural Industries (Monza 2009 and 2011, Florence 2014). The Florence Forum was made possible thanks to the support of the Tuscany region and of the City of Florence and was attended by numerous Authorities and experts from all over the globe. In focusing on the role of culture as a key driver for international development policies, the Forum took stock of the two precedent editions in Monza and of UNESCO’s efforts in the field: from the Special Edition of the 2013 Report on Creative Economy (co-edited with UNDP) to the three following UNGA Resolutions on culture and development (2010, 2011 e 2013), which also recognize culture’s role as a driver and facilitator for the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Its final document, the Florence Declaration, aims at strengthening the link between culture, national and global policies for sustainable development, namely in the framework of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

II) Creative Cities

In the same framework, Italy takes part in UNESCO’s Creative Cities Network, which was launched in 2004 in order to bring together cities whose local growth is driven by creativity. The Network currently comprises 180 Members from 72 countries, covering seven creative fields: Crafts & Folk Art, Design, Film, Gastronomy, Literature, Music and Media Arts. Italy is represented by Bologna (Music), Fabriano (Crafts & Folk Art), Rome (Film), Parma (Gastronomy) and Turin (Design) and, inscribed in 2017, Alba (Gastronomy), Carrara (Crafts & Folk Art), Milano (Literature), Pesaro (Music)

In 2019, Fabriano will host the XIII UCCN annual meeting on the theme of creativity and sustainable cities.

III)  Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

Italy is a State Party to the UNESCO 2005 Convention for the Protection and the Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, of which it actively implements the dispositions.

In this framework, Italy’s Ministry of Culture has launched a cultural project called “Migrarts”, whereby young people and migrants work together on a wide range of cultural projects (theater, classical dance, music, film and film festivals, short movies and documentaries), on a basis of mutual respect for each different cultural background. Promoting the diversity of cultural heritage by means of partnerships between the private and public sectors and NGOs fosters social cohesion, as well as national policies that are in line with the UN 2030 Development Agenda.

Concerning the safeguarding of intellectual property, Italy is engaged in the protection and promotion of artistic creation through the Italian Association of Authors and Editors (SIAE), which protects young artists between 18 and 30 for free against copyright infringement ever since 2015. Similarly, the Italian Agency for Communications Guarantees (AGICOM) approved an ad-hoc regulation on online copyright in 2013, in order to tackle piracy and minimize its social, financial and cultural repercussions.