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Education Sector


Education Sector

Education is one of the main UNESCO sectors to which is assigned the greatest part of the Organization’s ordinary budget.
Since UNESCO’s creation in 1945 the founding Countries subscribed a constitutive act which expressed their faith in the ideal of “equality of educational opportunity”.
UNESCO has always worked for a greater diffusion of Education, especially of primary education, in all Countries of the world, under the clear conviction that it is essential for the healthy economic and social development of societies.


The main initiative with regards to Education is the Education For All Programme (EFA), which was launched during the Dakar World Forum in 2000 with some ambitious objectives to meet by 2015.
Amongst these we can recall on the commitment to: guarantee a free and compulsory primary education for all, to give the chance to every child to end a full schooling cycle, to increase the alphabetization level by 50% and to assure a more equal access to Education for both sexes.
EFA is a global initiative for which UNESCO is the leading agency and it coordinates global efforts in order to reach the objectives fixed in Dakar. UNESCO carries out these coordinating activities thanks to the Global Monitoring Report (the annual EFA report) and the High Level Group.

UNESCO just started the Education 2014-2021 Strategy, sustaining Member States in strengthening their education systems, in order to enhance education progress thanks also to the important new role of applied ICTs. Together with other UN Agencies, such as UNICEF and the World Bank, UNESCO launched  the Education 2030 Programme, in order to foster a new vision for education, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 4:“Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”).